The life of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), the last messenger of Islam, is an extraordinary tale of dedication, faith, and resilience. Before his prophethood, he lived in the city of Makkah, where he faced numerous challenges and experiences that molded him into the revered leader he became. This article delves into the significant events and teachings of Hazrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) during his time in Makkah, shedding light on the foundations of Islam. In this article we will know about Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam’s Makkah Life story.
Early Life in Makkah
Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was born in Makkah in the year 570 CE into the prominent Quraysh tribe, which was known for its nobility and leadership in the region. Despite losing both his parents at a young age, he grew up under the care of his grandfather and later his uncle, Abu Talib. His honest and trustworthy nature earned him the title of “Al-Amin” (the trustworthy) among his peers and fellow traders.
The First Revelations
In his early forties, while meditating in the Cave of Hira on the outskirts of Makkah, Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) received his first divine revelation from the Angel Gabriel. This momentous event marked the beginning of his prophethood and laid the foundation for the religion of Islam. The revelations continued over a period of 23 years, comprising the Quran, the holy book of Islam.
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Preaching Islam in Makkah
Initially, Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) kept his prophethood private and only shared his message with close family and friends. However, as the revelations intensified, he began preaching the message of monotheism, calling people to abandon idol worship and embrace the worship of the one true God, Allah. This message posed a direct challenge to the polytheistic beliefs and practices prevalent in Makkah, causing opposition from the city’s elites.
Persecution and Resistance
As the Prophet’s message gained momentum, the opposition from the Quraysh intensified. The leaders of Makkah feared that his teachings would undermine their traditional religious and economic systems, leading to a loss of their privileged status. Consequently, they subjected the early converts to severe persecution and torture, hoping to suppress the growing influence of Islam.
Migration to Abyssinia
In response to the escalating persecution, Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) advised some of his followers to seek refuge in the Christian kingdom of Abyssinia (modern-day Ethiopia). The Negus, the ruler of Abyssinia, welcomed the Muslim refugees and granted them protection, showing the world the peaceful nature of Islam and the Prophet’s respect for other faiths.
The Year of Sorrow
The tenth year of Prophet Muhammad’s (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) mission became known as the “Year of Sorrow” due to the series of personal tragedies he endured. Within a short span, he lost his beloved wife Khadijah (RA), who had been a pillar of support, and his uncle Abu Talib, who had provided him with protection and security. These losses weighed heavily on him but reinforced his determination to continue spreading the message of Islam.
The Isra and Mi’raj
In this difficult period, Allah granted the Prophet a miraculous night journey known as the Isra and Mi’raj. It involved a night travel from Makkah to Jerusalem (Isra) and then an ascension through the heavens (Mi’raj). During this divine experience, the Prophet met several prophets and was appointed as the leader of the Muslim Ummah.
The Invitation to Ta’if
Despite facing hostility and rejection in Makkah, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) did not waver in his mission. He decided to seek support for Islam in the neighboring city of Ta’if. However, the people of Ta’if rejected his message, and the Prophet endured immense hardship and humiliation, being stoned and chased out of the city by the residents.
The Covenant of Aqaba
The turning point in the early spread of Islam came with the meeting of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) with a group of people from Yathrib (later known as Madinah) during the annual pilgrimage in Makkah. In a gathering at Aqaba, these individuals pledged their allegiance to the Prophet and promised to protect him and his followers in Madinah, providing the much-needed support and safe haven for the growing Muslim community.
The Migration to Madinah
The migration of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and his followers to Madinah, known as the Hijrah, marked a significant turning point in Islamic history. It occurred in the year 622 CE and established Madinah as the first Islamic state. The Prophet’s exemplary leadership and wise governance in Madinah laid the groundwork for a harmonious and just society.
The Makkan life of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was a period of immense trials, challenges, and sacrifices. Despite facing intense persecution and opposition, he remained steadfast in spreading the message of Islam. His teachings of compassion, mercy, and justice continue to inspire billions of Muslims around the world today. The events of his life in Makkah set the stage for the remarkable journey of Islam and exemplify the qualities of faith, perseverance, and resilience that are central to the Islamic tradition.